Large-scale patterns of biodiversity : the relative role of historical/evolutionary and ecological processes.
My research in the fields of macroecology and biogeography is presently focused on explaining large-scale geographical patterns of biodiversity in aquatic ecosystems. One of the main objectives of this field of research is to tease apart the relative role of historical/evolutionary and ecological processes in shaping current biodiversity patterns.
- Leprieur, F., Descombes, P., Gaboriau, T., Cowman, P.F., Parravicini, V., Kulbicki, M., Melian, C., De Santana, C., Heine, C., Mouillot, D. Bellwood, D.R. & Pellissier, L. (2016) Plate tectonics drive tropical marine biodiversity dynamics. Nature Communications 7:11461 - Pellissier, L., Leprieur, F., Parravicini, V., Litsios, G., Olsen, S., Wisz, M.S, Kulbicki, M., Cowman, P., Bellwood, D. R. & Mouillot, D. (2014) Quaternary coral reef refugia preserved fish diversity. Science 344 (6187): 1016-1019. - Leprieur, F., Tedesco, P., Hugueny, B., Beauchard, O., Dür, H., Brosse, S. & Oberdorff, T. (2011) Partitioning global patterns of freshwater fish beta diversity reveals contrasting signatures of past climate changes. Ecology Letters 14, 325–334.
Biodiversity changes: winners and losers in the face of past, present and future global changes
I am also seeking to explain the distribution of species using a multi-scale hierarchical approach, and to understand the processes by which distributions change over time (both past and future). More particularly, I intend to assess the extent to which the distribution of aquatic vertebrates (1) changed in the face of past climate changes (e.g. during the Quaternary period) and (2) will change in the face of current global changes (e.g. climate warming). Overall, this ongoing work is at the intersection of multiple disciplines such as biogeography, statistical ecology, paleoecology and conservation biogeography.
Selected publications : - Albouy, C., Leprieur F., Le Loc’h, F., Mouquet, N., Meynard, C., Douzery, E & Mouillot D. (2015) Projected impacts of climate warming on the functional and phylogenetic components of coastal Mediterranean fish biodiversity. Ecography (In press) - Descombes, P., Wisz, M., Leprieur, F., Parravicini, V., Heine, C., Olsen, S.F., Swingedouw,D., Kulbicki, M., Mouillot, D. & Pellissier, L. (2015) Forecasted coral reef decline in marine biodiversity hotspots under climate change. Global Change Biology 21: 2479-2487. - Hattab, T., Albouy, C., Ben Rais Lasram, F., Somot, S, Le Loc’h, F. & Leprieur, F. (2014) Towards a better understanding of potential climate change impacts on marine species distribution: a multi-scale modelling approach. Global Ecology and Biogeography23:1417-1429. - Albouy, C., Guilhaumon, F., Araujo, M.B., Mouillot, D. & Leprieur, F. (2012) Combining projected changes in species richness and composition reveals climate change impacts on coastal Mediterranean fish assemblages. Global Change Biology 18 : 2995-3003.
........................................................................................................................................................................... Research programs
2017- 2022 : IPEC "Influence of past environmental changes on reef fish biodiversity". This project is funded by the Institut Universitaire de France (75 k€). Coordinator : Fabien Leprieur.
2016-2019 :REEFISH "Relative importance of Ecological and Evolutionary determinants of coral reef FISH biodiversity". This international project (450k€) is funded by the French National Agency of Research (ANR) and the Swiss National Science Foundation (FNS). French coordinator : Fabien Leprieur ; Swiss coordinator : Loic Pellissier (ETH, WSL).
2012-2015: MORSE "Management of Ocean Resources under Shifting Expectations: bringing the historical perspective into marine mammal conservation".This project is funded by the French National Agency of Research (ANR). Coordinator: Ana Rodrigues (CEFE, CNRS, Montpellier). I led the WP "Macroecological patterns".
2007-2010: ANR "Freshwater Fish Diversity" (Predictive models of specific and functional diversity of freshwater fish communities: response tools for human effects and climatic change). (link). This project was funded by the ANR Biodiversité 2006 (ANR-06-BDIV-010). Coordinator: Thierry Oberdorff (IRD, France). Full participant.
2010-2011 : InvAqua "Forecasting establishment risks of invasive freshwater fishes in french river systems ". This project was funded by the ONEMA (The French National Agency for Water and Aquatic Environments). I was coordinator of this one-year project (55k€). Participants: MNHN, University of Toulouse
2010-2012 : Projected climate change impacts on multiple facets of fish biodiversity in the Mediterranean sea. This project is funded by the FRB (Fondation for Research on Biodiversity). Coordinator: David Mouillot (University Montpellier 2). I am a full participant.
2010-2014 : BioFresh "Biodiversity of Freshwater Ecosystems: Status, Trends, Pressures, and Conservation Priorities". This project is funded by the European PCRD 7. Coordinator: Klement Tockner (FVB.IGB, Germany). Full participant to the WP4 "Contemporary patterns in freshwater biodiversity".
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